It is finished | John 19: 28-30 | Part 2 of 4
It is finished | John 19: 28-30 | Part 2 We are embarking on a four part study of the cross of Christ. This study is part two and our focus has been on our English version words: “It is finished” which comes from one word in the original Greek: “tetelestai”. Let's pick up where we left off last time with answering the interrogative question of "who was involved with the crucifixion of Christ?"
Jesus Christ: Both the Son of man and the Son of God. He was introduced by His cousin John as the “Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” Jesus is also known as the Lamb Who was slain from the foundation of the world (Rev. 13: 8). There is a popular country song that has as one of its’ main refrain’s as “you were always on my mind” is referring to a love in his life.
Well, the cross was always on the mind of Jesus Christ. From the beginning of time, God the Father, God the Son and God the Spirit had the plan of salvation laid out and secured for the salvation of mankind. Jesus just didn’t carry His cross up the hilly street of the Via Dolorosa, He had been carrying it since the beginning of the world!
He came into this world the normal natural pathway through a human mother, lived a perfect life, exemplifying for us what it means to be sinless yet perfectly fulfilling the Old Testament Law and completely obeying the will of God the Father. Jesus Christ, the main character of the “who” of the crucifixion.
John: John, the disciple whom Jesus loved. The youngest of His twelve followers, John was. He was a special friend to Jesus of Nazareth. Peter, Andrew, James and John. He was one of the “inner three”: Peter, James and John. As he stood watching his best friend dying, responding to Jesus’ request, he took Mary home with him from that moment on. John adopted Mary and treated her as if she was his mother. John, who is often referred to as the disciple of love, didn’t have a very good understanding of the concept as he too stood by helplessly and hopelessly watching Jesus die on the cross.
Judas Iscariot: The disingenuous follower along with the other eleven genuine disciples of our Lord. Like a lot of today’s church members, the tare amongst the wheat. The one who allowed satan to deceive him and use him for the devil’s plan.
Mary Magdalene: Mary Magdalene, whom we will name “Mary M”. Jesus lovingly cast seven demons out of Mary M and she became one of His most devoted followers (Luke 8:1-3). She rendered great hospitality to Jesus and extended it to His followers as well. When others fled from Jesus during the crucifixion, Mary was loyal to the end. She too watched with great agony in her heart with the other Mary’s hand in hers. She was truly a devoted disciple!
Mary, His Mother: Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ who treasured in her heart the miracles and memories of being bestowed upon the honor of being the human mother of the Lord Jesus Christ. The woman who bonded with her son as well as the Son of God as she breasts fed Him as a baby. Mary, the mother of Jesus who nurtured the young boy into manhood with laughs, concerns, sorrows and parental skills. Now she watched helplessly as she watched “her son” dying on a cross. She stood hand in hand with Mary Magdalene watching, . . . waiting, . . . weeping, . . . wailing.
Peter: The disciple, that hours earlier swore that he would give up his life for Christ, ran like a whimpering, scared dog when the commotion just gets started. The disciple who has the terrible record of denying our Lord, not once, not twice, but three times in the same evening! Don’t judge him to harshly. The one who is among us who has never, NEVER, sheepishly or silently not spoken up for Jesus pick up and heave the first judgment stone!
Peter had two fires he had to continue to deal with throughout his ministry. The first one was the fire of rejection. He rejected his Lord and Savior even though he truly did love him. He embarrassingly went ashore to see the risen Christ who was cooking some fish on an open fire on the beach.
It was there that Peter dealt with his second fire, the fire of restoration. After Jesus asked Peter three different times (twice He used the verb form of agape love) if he loved Him, Jesus reinstated or restored Peter to his discipleship. Which fire are you at? Have you sheepishly not shared your faith with others? Have you been too embarrassed to witness to a lost and dying world? Be like Peter and go to the Lord for forgiveness and restoration. Let’s share our faith; no, let’s be bolder in witnessing to others. Peter was one of the who’s “who” of the crucifixion of Christ.
Pontius Pilate: Pilate, the Roman government official sitting in judgment over the One Who will preside over the Great White Throne judgment over all mankind, including Pilate. Pilate, the blinded individual who had the living embodiment of truth standing before him and moronically asked Him, “what is truth?”
Pilate, the Roman governor who cleared the murderer Barabbas and condemned the Messiah faltering to the pleas and demands of the Jewish mob! I wonder wherever Pilate is now if he is still asking the same question over and over in his disrupted mind? What is truth?
Roman soldiers: The Roman soldiers were heavily involved with the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. There were several involved. One of them was a centurion officer. They presided over sixty to one hundred soldiers. Due to the rioting of the crowds over this particular prisoner, there would have been plenty of soldiers around to keep the peace.
These soldiers were war hardened and wearied heartlessly. They missed their homeland and their homes. They were in a country where they did not want to be policing a people they despised. Here was an opportunity to take out some of their frustrations on a man who claimed he was these religious fanatics’ king.
They took turns on slapping and full fisting the Lord Jesus Christ. They did it over and over, repeatedly without remorse or shame.
Simon the Cyrenian: This character helped the bloodied, beaten and weakened sacrificial Lamb carry His cross up the hilly street of the Via Dolorosa. The Romans paraded condemned criminals along congested paths of public display, businesses and large gatherings. They wished to instill fear into those who might have been considering breaking Roman law!
Tradition says that Jesus was made to carry His cross about 650 yards. Folks, that’s about 2000 feet! Over a third of a mile! Can you imagine the physical stamina that Jesus Christ had? He hadn’t eaten nor slept in two days. He was brutally beaten and lost a tremendous amount of blood. The fact that He could even stand was a miracle, let alone walk or carry a 100-lb. cross!
The Two Thieves: The thieves who were crucified on either side of the Lord Jesus Christ. Even in death, one of them couldn’t humble himself to the sacrificial Lamb that was dying for him, his sin and those of the whole of mankind. At first, both mocked him, but later one of them had a change of heart. He came to the realization of his situation. Soon, he would face eternity: heaven or hell. Based on his past lifestyle of sin and wrong doings, he knew the outcome did not look good for his eternal future.
God gave unto him the revelation that the Man who was being crucified next to him was none other than the Christ. The criminal gathered his courage and asked the Lord to "remember him" when Jesus was to come into His kingdom. And Jesus responded with the famous words, "I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in Paradise" (Luke 23:39-43).
Just a side note for doctrinal purposes concerning this part of the crucifixion. The criminal didn’t have time to “do all the Christian things” that many attach for those who would be saved to perform to do so. He didn’t have time to clean up and exemplify a “Christian life” in front of others, did he? So much for the fruit inspectors who must see Christian fruit in order to feel assured that the individual “truly did get saved”.
Here’s a “biggy” in doctrinal differences amongst different denominations. Many hand pick a few Scriptures to teach that one must be baptized by immersion as well as trust Christ as their Savior in order to inherit the Kingdom of God. Again, the thief on a cross beside Jesus didn’t ask the Roman soldiers to take him down for him to be baptized in water for him to go to heaven when he died.
This all goes back to one’s viewpoint of God’s plan of salvation. Is your view of salvation man centered and salvation depends on what man must do to be saved? Or, does your doctrinal stance depend on what God does in the process of a human becoming saved? The Bible teaches salvation was thought up of by God, planned by God, paid for by God and is carried out by and thru Almighty God. You can’t earn a free gift of grace.
“But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) 6 And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: 7 That in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. 8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast. (Eph. 2: 4-19).
Satan: Satan, that old snake. He was known as Lucifer, one of the original Cherubim. As with most individuals, pride became the downfall of this beautiful angel. He had become so overwhelmed with his own deception, that he thought he would become a god in his own right. Not only did this deception blind him, but he was able to deceptively convince a third of heaven’s billions of angels to follow his lead. This rebellion against God had begun with and has always been led by the fallen angel Lucifer.
Satan, the devil, the old snake, crooked serpent, accuser of the brethren, the tempter, Beelzebub, god of this world, roaring lion, prince of the power of the air, the ruler of this world, the liar, the father of lies, . . . murderer! From Genesis chapter three throughout Israel’s history, the plan of the devil was to eliminate the plan of salvation and the Savior of that plan. Satan was also one of the main characters of the “who” of the crucifixion.
The third of our six questions is what is involved with it being finished?
III) The third interrogative question is “what” was involved in “it is finished”?
Jesus came to fulfill the Law. “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill” (Matt. 5: 17).
Jesus came to fulfill the will of God. “For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me” (John 6: 38).
Jesus came to fulfill God’s plan: “For when we were still without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. For scarcely for a righteous man will one die; yet perhaps for a good man someone would even dare to die. But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him. For if when we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. And not only that, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation” (Acts 2: 22-24). It is finished!
Jesus came to fulfill the righteousness of God: “But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe. For there is no difference; for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed, to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus” (Ro. 3: 21-26).
“For He (God) made Him (Jesus) who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we (believers) might become the righteousness of God in Him.” (2 Cor. 5: 21).
“... who Himself bore our sins in His own body on the tree, that we, having died to sins, might live for righteousness—by whose stripes you were healed” (1 Peter 2: 24).
This has been part two of a four-part series. Next time we'll pick up here where we left off with the third interrogative question of “what” was involved in “it is finished”? Let’s go to church this Sunday. These are certainly troubling and uncertain times that we live in. From the ever growing national debt, to corrupt, lying, greedy politicians, extremist’s terrorists, slipping moralities to God only knows what’s next. I never in my wildest dreams thought there would be a national debate over sex gender and bathrooms! I don’t remember when people had such a low opinion and dismal outlook about our country and where it is headed. Very few people that we come in contact with on a daily basis have a very positive attitude.
Both born from above and the un-regenerate, very few! This great nation of ours is on a speeding train of declination. The train is on a track to degradation and she is picking up steam: fast! Ole Uncle Sam needs a revival. From the president and his administration in the White house right down to the kid behind the counter at McDonald's. We need a fresh awakening from the Holy Spirit of God. America needs another outpouring of the Holy Ghost as was experienced by the first century Church.
Come join our pastor, our church and me in praying for revival. Won’t you join me today and start by carrying ourselves and our loved ones to church. I need church, you need church, your family needs the Church! If you are in the Clay county area of North Florida come worship with us at Harbor Baptist church located on the corner of Clay Street (1120) & US Hwy 17, Fleming Island, FL. We are located just to the right of Corky Bell’s Seafood restaurant. Morning worship is at 10:30 and we meet Sunday evening at 6:00 p.m.
Better yet, come join our group for Bible study with the adults. I lead the adult class entitled: “Harbor Haven, for pairs and spares”. (For couples and singles) We meet @ 9:14 in the main room of the education building. This is the building located right next to the church. We would love for you to come and fellowship with us around the Word of God. And feel free to bring a guest. Whether you attend the worship service or choose not to, we hope to see you for Bible study!
We pride ourselves with being a smaller church with the big difference. I don’t believe you will find another fellowship of believers who have a greater love for God and as a result of His love for us, we have love for one another. You’ll find me and my family there, come visit, both you and our church will be glad that you did!
I am happy to speak on behalf of our Lord Jesus Christ in the North Florida area. I am a conservative, evangelical, fundamentalist teacher whose doctrinal beliefs align with those of the Southern Baptist Convention. My doctrinal views are listed in the menu section of this site. If your pastor is sick, has a sudden emergency or needs a vacation, I am happy to fill in for him. You can contact me by email at: firstname.lastname@example.org